Drawings on the skin have been known to people since ancient times - they were discovered even in some mummies dating back to 5000 BC, tattoos were actively made in Russia before the Baptism, and now the drawings adorn the skin not only of modern youth but also of the tribes living far away from civilization.
What is a tattoo?
From the medical point of view – it is a traumatic procedure for the skin, during which with the help of special equipment the paint is injected into the skin, which creates the very image.
Interesting! Tattoos in the past had a ritual meaning: they served as a talisman, a symbol of belonging to a certain clan, occupation and even a symbol of slavery. Now it’s a tribute to fashion, a way to stand out and show your individuality.
Tattoo and health – what are the risks?
From a medical point of view, no tattoo can be considered completely safe. Potential harm can come from:
Ingestion of infection when the sterility of the application of the tattoo is violated.
Reaction to the paint, which may include mercury, cadmium, cobalt, chromium and many other natural and chemical components. Moreover, the allergy and inflammation from a foreign body is not necessarily immediate – the body may react in a few days, weeks or even more.
Statistics show that 14% of people encountered complications because of the tattoo, although only 50% were aware of the risk.
Important: The most dangerous are considered tattoos on the eyeball.
There is a risk of vision loss, and the procedure is already banned in a number of U.S. states. However, in some cases – a tattoo on the eye is justified – for example, with an eyesore, eye defects and other situations where the tattoo masks the defect.
Possible complications from tattoos and their causes
What can harm a tattoo and why? Here are the main points:
Inflammation on the skin – the main reason for the violation of sterility and the rules of hygiene and care after the procedure.
Allergy – occurs on the components of the paint, and it can be even years later. And the reason is not necessarily a bad quality of the paint – rather a personal sensitivity to the components of the dye is to blame.
Traumatizing moles – dangerous growth and degeneration of the nevus.
Disruption of thermoregulation and sweating due to clogged pores with dye.
Infection with staphylococci and other bacteria, HPV, hepatitis, AIDS viruses
Burns during MRI or prohibition of the study – the cases are isolated, but possible when using ink with metals in its composition.
Interesting! There is an opinion that tattoos can lead to cancer. But there is no official data confirming this.
How to get a safe tattoo?
Here are the main recommendations:
Use the services of official salons – here there is a better chance of sterility and the use of materials of higher quality.
Check the expiration date of the paint and the sterility of the instruments.
Do not perform tattooing on inflamed skin with rashes, in the period of diseases (dermatological and others) or chronic exacerbations.
Consult a doctor immediately in case of inflammation, painful skin or any other reaction.
Is it possible to get rid of a tattoo?
Such desire arises in half of all tattoo owners at once (if it didn’t turn out well) or after a while (the inscription or picture became irrelevant and disturbing). It is possible, though difficult! Such methods will help:
Mechanical resurfacing – removing an area of skin with a tattoo surgically or by other methods.
Mechanical with chemical – the outer layer of skin is removed, and then the dye is discolored with special solutions.
Laser – the destruction of the dye pigment occurs due to a beam with a certain wavelength. This is the best option of all.
From the disadvantages: traumatic removal (it is painful, especially when it comes to permanent makeup), long (it will take 6-8 sessions, depending on the color of the tattoo and how old it is, even with a laser), expensive, scars can remain (with mechanical resurfacing), and sometimes the ideal result may not exist.
Interesting! The hardest thing to get out is red paint. And black paint, although potentially more dangerous complications (there are highly active substances in the composition), but is withdrawn more easily than others.
We hope the information was helpful, and if you still have questions – write in the comments or ask them in person at the doctor’s office!